To combat allergic diseases, we have treatment options as well as preventive measures. Sensitisation and allergy are active processes that change throughout life: the patient may develop new allergies or reduce their reactivity to allergens to which they are already sensitised. Thus, both prevention and treatment are essential in allergic diseases.
Treatment methods for allergic diseases are basically based on three pillars: elimination of the allergen, medication and immunotherapy. Elimination of the allergen must be used whenever possible to avoid stimulation of allergic inflammation.
The aim of drug treatment is to control the symptoms and bring the allergic inflammation under control. They are not curative treatments and symptoms may return after treatment is completed. Immunotherapy, or desensitisation, is the only treatment for the causes of allergic diseases. Unfortunately, this treatment is neither effective nor applicable to all forms of allergy.